Moscow it the capitol of Russia as well as a major center for politics, culture, and economics. Here are a few locations that it is known for.
The Moscow Kremlin, often known simply as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex of structures located in Moscow. The site upon which the Kremlin sits has been occupied since the second century BC, although the oldest remnants of the current buildings date back only to the 1300s. The walls that surround the Kremlin were constructed between 1485 and 1495, which still stand today. The Kremlin was used as a residence for the Tsars, the rulers of Russia, until 1692, when the capital was moved to Saint Petersburg. Until 1773, the Kremlin was neglected until Catherine the Great decided to move there. It was also used as the residence for Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin. Over the course of time, portions of the Kremlin have been destroyed and rebuilt numberous times. The Kremlin was opened to to tourists in 1955 and the Kremlin Museums were created in 1961.
Saint Basil’s Cathedral
The Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, or the Anglicanized name, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, was under construction from 1555-1561 based on orders from Ivan the Terrible and was the tallest building in the city at the time of its completion. Although located near the Kremlin, it is located outside of the Kremlin walls. It consists of one larger church with eight smaller churchs surrounding it. While the structure of the building dates back to the 1500s, the bright colors of the church did not begin their introduction until the 1680s and continued until 1848.
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, or simply the Pushkin Museum, is the largest museum in Moscow that is dedicated to European Art. The museum was founded by Ivan Tsvetaev. After changing names several times, the museum was named to honor Russian poet Alexander Pushkin in 1937, which was the 100th anniversary of his death. The museum contains pieces by such famed artists as Van Gogh, Picasso, and Matisse.
The Bolshoi Theatre, which holds performances for both ballet and opera, was originally named the Imperial Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow. At the time that the theatre was constructed, all theatres in Russia were imperial property. The theatre has been destroyed and rebuilt multiple times and has it foundations in the 1700s. The current theatre was built between 1821 and 1824. The Bolshoi Theatre has been the premier site of works by such famed composers and Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.
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